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Punic Wars Summary: Rome's Triumph over Carthage

An image like the Punic Wars

The Punic Wars were a series of three military conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC.

They are named for the Carthaginians, whose ancestors had come from Phoenicia in the first millennium BC; "Punic" is a Latin word meaning Phoenician-Carthaginian.

The First Punic War

The First Punic War was a conflict between the Roman Republic and Carthage which lasted from 264 BC until 241 BC.

It began as a dispute over the hegemony of Sicily, which had been invaded by Rome in 264 B.C..

However, extended to involve all of Rome's Mediterranean possessions and eventually led to the destruction of Carthage itself in 146 B.C..

The Second Punic War

The second Punic War, fought between the Carthaginian Empire and Rome from 219 to 201 b.c.e., is often considered the most important event in ancient history.

It also refers to Hannibal's invasion of Rome, also known as the Hannibal Wars.

Incidentally, Archimedes, who betrayed Rome and joined Hannibal's side during the war, also participated, and his inventions of weapons caused damage to the Roman army.

Knight image

Do not kill Archimedes.

Romans ordered so.

However, he was killed by soldiers under the command who did not know he was Archimedes.

Archimedes had been drawing figures on the ground and doing calculations until just before he was killed.

When a Roman soldier stepped on it,

Archimedes image

Do not step on my figure!

Because of the word, he was killed by the angry soldier.

The Third Punic War

After Hannibal's defeat, Carthage was occupied by the Romans. A great many of the people were killed and the rest were sold into slavery.

Hannibal was defeated by Scipio Africanus at the Battle of Zama (202 BC).